How to Get Started with Anchor Protocol: A Step-By-Step Guide and Yield Farming Strategies
Anchor Protocol is a savings protocol based on the Terra blockchain that provides its users with low-volatile 20% yields. In this article, we will share a step-by-step guide on using the platform, as well as yield farming strategies on Anchor. If you want to dive deeper into the topic, read our article Anchor Protocol: A Savings Protocol Offering Up To 20% APY.
Getting Started with Anchor Protocol
Anchor is a part of the Terra ecosystem, and it works with the Terra Station wallet. The first thing to do is to download and install the Terra Station Google Chrome extension where you can store LUNA and UST tokens.
After installing the extension, you need to create a new Terra wallet or import an existing one from a seed phrase. Do not forget to create a backup when creating your crypto wallet (write down and save the seed phrase) so that you can easily restore your wallet if you forget your password. After you have installed and created the Terra Station wallet, you need to receive UST tokens (and, if necessary, LUNA).
Where to get LUNA and UST tokens
LUNA and UST tokens are traded on various centralized (CEX) and decentralized (DEX) crypto exchanges. A list of available exchanges can be found on the CoinMarketCap website. Finding the list of sites is quite simple:
- Go to CoinMarketCap.
- Enter the name or ticker of the token into the search bar, for example, Terra or LUNA.
3. Select the right token and go to the Market tab on its page. All sites on which the required token is traded will be displayed on this tab. Go to any exchange you like and buy LUNA or UST tokens there.
After purchasing tokens, you need to transfer them to your wallet. Open the extension and copy the wallet address by clicking on it. Please note that Terra Station does not have a Memo function, so you will not need to deal with that. Then send the tokens purchased at the exchange to your address.
If you already have LUNA tokens, you can exchange them for UST using the Terra Station wallet in the section Swap. Here, you can also exchange UST for LUNA, as well as all other tokens from the Terra ecosystem.
There is also an option to buy UST directly on the Anchor platform with cards and bank transfers worldwide. For this purpose you can click Buy UST and select Transak.
Anchor Protocol Features
Once you have funded your account, you can start using Anchor Protocol. Let's get acquainted with the main functions of the platform. Go to the Anchor web app and choose the Earn tab to deposit UST tokens.
This is the simplest strategy for generating income using Anchor Protocol, which is similar to bank deposits, but the difference is that the platform is decentralized and offers higher returns. Currently, the yield on UST savings deposits reaches 20% per annum.
To receive income from UST deposits, you just need to deposit them by clicking the button Deposit.
You can deposit any amount: there are no minimum and maximum thresholds. After that, click the button Proceed and confirm the transaction in the Terra Station extension window. Enter your wallet password in the Confirm with password line and click the button Submit.
Done and done! You have made a deposit in UST tokens. The Earn tab has a convenient calculator where you can check the approximate income on your deposit for a year, month, week, and day in aUST tokens.
aUST is a token used for savings deposits on Anchor protocol. After depositing a certain amount of UST into Anchor, users automatically receive aUST tokens, which can then be used to generate income on the Anchor platform. Likewise, when you withdraw stablecoins from Anchor, you are actually trading aUST for UST. You can find out more about aTerra assets here.
Pros of deposits on Anchor Protocol:
- Low risks. UST is a stablecoin pegged to the US dollar, so you are protected from the high volatility of cryptocurrencies.
- Profitability significantly exceeds bank deposits.
- Simplicity. The process is similar to depositing in banks, only simpler.
The next way to make money with Anchor Protocol is to borrow UST tokens providing bLUNA as collateral. This can be done using the tab Borrow.
Before proceeding to this step, you need to bond LUNA tokens in order to obtain bLUNA. You can do this in the next tab Bond.
To receive bLUNA tokens, choose the Mint tab, enter the amount of LUNA for bonding and select one of the whitelisted validators. Take a responsible approach to this process, since the safety of your assets depends on the choice of the validator: learn more about its reputation, uptime indicators and make sure of the validator’s reliability. For example, Everstake is a large and reliable staking provider with over $4 billion staked in digital assets and trusted by over 325,000 delegators. Everstake uses only high quality hardware, including multiple servers distributed around the globe, has backup nodes for any emergencies, and its experienced team of dedicated DevOps monitors the network 24/7 to achieve 100% uptime.
After choosing the validator, click the Mint button and confirm the transaction in the Terra Station extension window. Enter your wallet password in the Confirm with password line and click the button Submit. Congratulations, now you have bonded LUNA. You can check the amount of your bLUNA tokens, as well as aUST, in your Terra Station wallet.
In the future, if you want to redeem your LUNA tokens, you need to burn bLUNA. This can be done in the Burn tab in two ways:
- Burn is a standard token burning, which takes from 21 to 24 days. Please note that when choosing this method, slashing events during the specified period may affect the final amount of your LUNA tokens. This is another reason why only reliable validators like Everstake should be chosen.
- Instant burn is a function for instant burning of bLUNA. This way you don't have to wait until the end of the unbonding period, but the amount of LUNA tokens received will be less.
In the last Claim tab, users can withdraw LUNA tokens after unbonding, as well as receive rewards from bLUNA that was not used as collateral.
To borrow UST tokens, go back to the Borrow tab and provide bLUNA tokens as collateral. In the Collateral List section, click the Provide button and confirm the transaction in the Terra Station extension window.
Please note that after this action, an LTV indicator will appear on the page. Loan-to-value ratio is the ratio between the loan amount and the market value of the collateral. The higher its value, the more likely that if the price of LUNA drops, your collateral will be liquidated to pay off your debt. For Anchor Protocol, borrowing is available only up to 50% LTV. If the loan-to-value ratio reaches the maximum 60%, a portion of your collateral may be immediately liquidated to repay part of the loan.
Click on the Borrow button, set the LTV ratio in the appeared window, and you will see the corresponding amount of UST that you can borrow. Do not set your LTV ratio too high to reduce the risks of collateral liquidation. The Anchor platform recommends setting LTV at 45%.
Now in the Borrow tab you can see the value of your collateral, the sum of borrowed funds and Net APR. The last one shows the difference between the annual percentage yield return determined by ANC rewards given to borrowers (Distribution APR) and the annualized rate of current interest on loans (Borrow APR). When Net APR is a positive number, it means that ANC rewards distributed to borrowers are greater than the interest they pay for the loan.
In the last Govern tab, you can stake ANC tokens or add them along with UST to the liquidity pool. In this section you can also track all the rewards for staking ANC, borrowing UST, and adding ANC and UST tokens to the liquidity pool, as well as claim them by pressing the button Claim All Rewards.
To stake ANC tokens, press the button Gov Stake. In the ANC Governance tab enter the amount of ANC you wish to stake, click Stake and confirm the transaction in the Terra Station extension window.
To buy or sell ANC tokens, click on the button Trade ANC, enter the desired ANC or UST amount and click Proceed. Make sure you have enough UST to pay for a transaction fee and confirm it.
As it was mentioned earlier, in addition to staking ANC tokens in the Govern tab, you can add ANC and UST tokens to liquidity pools and receive income from farming.
To provide liquidity go to the Pool tab and specify the amount of ANC. The value of UST in the other field will be pulled up automatically, as it should be equal to the amount of ANC. For example, if you have 1 ANC and its rate is 1.72 UST, then you will also need 1.72 UST to add liquidity.
Click the Add Liquidity button, confirm the transaction, and you will receive LP tokens. LP tokens can be then staked on the next tab Stake in order to receive ANC token rewards. Here, you can also later withdraw provided ANC liquidity by burning LP tokens.
- High profitability. Higher than UST deposits.
- Increased profitability. With the growth of ANC rate, you will receive additional income.
- The ability to farm tokens for ANC holders.
- Risks of impermanent loss related to the volatility of cryptocurrency.
- Fall of ANC rate. If the price of ANC decreases, the profitability will also drop as your share in the liquidity pool decreases.
Anchor Protocol Farming Strategies
By combining different features available on the Anchor platform, you can use several strategies for yield farming. We will share a few of these strategies which can be used to generate higher income.
The first strategy is a combination of loans and deposits. Holders of bLUNA tokens can provide them as collateral, borrow UST and then deposit borrowed UST to the Anchor platform to generate income. Here’s how to do this:
- Convert LUNA to bLUNA in the tab Bond;
- Provide tokens as collateral and borrow UST in the tab Borrow;
- Make a UST deposit in the tab Earn.
Thus, you will receive income from loans and deposits at the same time.
- Increased income.
- Stabilizing the rate: even if LUNA price rises, you will give back the fixed amount of UST you borrowed. This will also allow generating income from LUNA growth.
- Collateral liquidation. If LUNA price falls and the value of collateral is lower than the value of borrowed funds with interest, then your collateral will be automatically liquidated. Your bLUNA tokens will be sold at a lower price to cover the loan.
The second strategy is similar to the previous one with the only difference that after borrowing UST, you can add them to the ANC-UST liquidity pool instead of depositing. This will increase your returns, but at the same time there will be risks due to ANC volatility. The profitability of providing ANC liquidity is constantly changing depending on the activity on Anchor Protocol, and at the time of writing this article is about 40% APR.
Another strategy is to exchange borrowed UST tokens for ANC and stake them. This option is less profitable (approximately 5-7% APR at the time of writing) and riskier, therefore it is suitable only for ANC holders.
- Increased profitability.
- Reducing risks due to the use of stablecoins (when choosing liquidity mining).
- Volatility of ANC tokens.
The Anchor platform provides a flexible system to earn income. Users can use different functions and combine them to increase their earnings. The only thing to remember is that there are also some risks that we described earlier in the article.
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